Who can apply for the EU blue card?

When applying for the EU Blue Card, except for being a non-EU citizen, several other requirements must be met and the steps to become an EU Blue Card holder vary by category:

There are possibilities for:


As well as:

Because of emerging labor shortages within Europe, the demand for additional qualified workers has arisen especially in professions where the lack of workforce is more evident, such as:

  • Mathematics
  • Informatics
  • Natural Sciences
  • Technology
  • Medicine

The aforementioned professionals have a higher chance of obtaining the EU Blue Card due to lack of candidates and lower annual income, approximately 1.2 times the average salary in hosting country.

Recently, the focus is drawn towards the improvement of policies for the self-employed and entrepreneurs whilst the self-employed individuals, interested in applying for the EU Blue Card, must:

  • Provide an economic interest that is scarce in the hosting EU member state
  • The business will have a positive effect in the overall economy of the hosting state
  • You possess sufficient financial resources to provide for the operation of the business

Also, these candidates must:

  • Have a successful business experience
  • Impact employment
  • Contribute to trainings, research and innovation


Moreover, the independent business must be related to the knowledge gained either in university or by the work experience as a scientist, academic or other highly-qualified occupation.

Document requirements and preparation will be explained in detail for each candidate category on the How to Apply section.

Citizens of these countries may apply for the EU Blue Card

AFRICA
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Côte d’Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Swaziland
São Tomé and Príncipe
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Western Africa
Western Sahara
Zambia
Zimbabwe
ASIA
Afghanistan
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Cambodia
China
China Tibet
China, Hong Kong
China, Macau SAR
East Timor
Georgia
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Lebanon
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar (Burma)
Nepal
North Korea
Oman
Pakistan
Palestinian territories
Philippines
Qatar
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Sri Lanka
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Thailand
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Yemen
AMERICAS
Belize
Bolivia
Colombia
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Guyana
Haiti
Jamaica
Peru
Surinam
Trinidad and Tobago 

EUROPE
Albania
Belarus
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Crimea
Kosovo
Moldova
Montenegro
Macedonia
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia
Ukraine

OCEANIA
Fiji
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Melanesia Islands
Micronesia
Nauru
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Citizens of these countries do not need to apply for the EU Blue Card

EU citizens are allowed to stay within the EU for reasons of residency, work, study, or job-seeking for unlimited periods of time without applying for a visa. EU citizens must notify the adequate authorities when doing so.


Whereas, the following are the citizens of countries that do not need to obtain an EU Blue Card in order to enter any of the EU Member States:

  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • New Zealand
  • Republic of Korea (South Korea)
  • USA

However, you should bear in mind that the period allowed to stay as a visitor or a job-seeker in one EU member state should not be exceeded.

Also, it is important that citizens of the aforementioned countries apply for a work and residency permit in the appropriate Embassy or Consulate, should they find a job or be recruited by any of the EU member states.

Special EU countries

34 overseas territories, including 9 Outermost Regions (OMR) and 25 Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT) which depend constitutionally on six EU member states (Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom) do not need to apply for the EU Blue Card. In principle, they are EU citizens, although they are neither considered part of the EU, nor subject to the EU law.

Outermost Regions:

  • Azores
  • Canary Islands
  • French Guyana
  • Guadeloupe
  • Madeira
  • Martinique
  • Réunion
  • Saint Barthélemy
  • Saint Martin

Overseas Countries and Territories:

  • Anguilla
  • Aruba
  • Ascension
  • Bonaire
  • British Antarctic territories
  • British Indian Ocean territories
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Curacao
  • Falk Islands
  • French Antarctic & Austral territories
  • French Polynesia
  • Mayotte
  • Montserrat
  • New Caledonia
  • Pitcairn
  • Saba
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Pierre & Miquelon Greenland
  • Saint Eustatius
  • Saint Marten
  • South Georgia
  • South Sandwich Islands
  • Tristan de Cunha
  • Turk & Caicos Islands
  • Wallis & Futuna

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